The Minister of Foreign Affairs of Belarus Vladimir Makei said that there is a growing gap between the UN and the increasing diversity of the world, and the organization is losing its character as an impartial platform.
The FM made the statement in his letter to his colleagues from the UN member states, where he set forth his approaches to the key issues of the UN functioning and the ways for reforming the organization.
"Belarus, like many other countries, is forced to note the growing gap between the current UN and the rapidly growing diversity of the world. And if in matters of peacekeeping and security the essence and role of the UN is hostage to its institutional structure, embodied in the veto-wielding Security Council, the organization of effective international cooperation in other non-security areas is hindered by some other factors," the letter says.
According to Makei, "chief among such factors is the organization's loss of the neutral, technical character of an impartial platform for ensuring international cooperation of equal members."
He said that "the UN has become a victim of the unipolar moment in modern world history."
"The loss of neutrality is enshrined ... the overwhelming dependence of UN activities on donor funds provided by developed countries, the predominance of citizens of these countries in politically and financially important positions in the organization. These two factors predetermine the domination of donor countries' interests in any UN decision-making, except for the competence of the Security Council," the minister said. According to him, such one-sidedness of the UN is the basis of the organization's limited ability to respond objectively and impartially to the problems of all its members.
The minister added that many UN documents are developed by a minority of countries simply because so many lack the necessary expertise.
"Many UN decisions are made by vote, by majority vote, and many are made by a minority because of flaws in the rules of procedure. Such documents do not reflect the common denominator of all parties concerned, and sometimes directly contradict the interests of some of them," he observed. That is why obvious violations of the UN Charter, such as, for example, economic sanctions, adopted without a mandate of the Security Council, remain outside the decisions of the organization and without its condemnation, said Makei. In this regard, he considers it's not surprising that a huge number of resolutions and other decisions of the UN bodies are never implemented.
As for the UN Security Council, Makei said that "Belarus is truly committed to the role of the UN Security Council in the maintenance of peace and security in the world and intends to support all possible efforts to strengthen this role. At the same time, he pointed out that "decisions that do not meet the interests of its permanent members are simply not taken in the council.