March 23
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Excavations of Lagash are underway in southern Iraq. It was one of the largest cities of antiquity. Archaeologists have discovered interesting evidence of the life of the Sumerians who lived several millennia before Christ.

In the 4th millennium BC, Lagash was the center of the agglomeration of three cities on the northern shore of the Persian Gulf. This settlement was discovered in 1953. Now it is being investigated mainly by archaeologists and anthropologists from the American University of Pennsylvania. About the unique findings scientists reported in the Journal of Anthropological Archaeology and Penn Today.

It is interesting that the city of about 450 hectares was located on several islands and was divided into 4 parts: a religious, agricultural, crafts and fishing. The southern cluster contains finds indicative of pottery. Several ceramic kilns for firing pottery were found there. Nearby, clay vessels with remains of food and other artifacts of the era were also found.

Another interesting find was the zir, an ancient refrigeration device. These are two clay pots inserted one into the other. The outer one was porous and the inner one was dense, fired in a kiln. A gap was left between them by filling it with wet sand.

The sand acted as a heat sink for the inner pot, which was passed on to the porous outer pot so that it could evaporate easily. This Sumerian cafe-taverna is dated roughly 2700 BC.

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