August 20
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NATO declared Russia the “most significant and immediate threat” to the peace and security of its members when the military alliance met on Wednesday.

“Terrorism, in all its forms and manifestations, continues to pose a direct threat to the security of our populations, and to international stability and prosperity.  We categorically reject and condemn terrorism in the strongest possible terms.  With determination, resolve, and in solidarity, Allies will continue to counter Russian threats and respond to its hostile actions and to fight terrorism, in a manner consistent with international law.

We are confronted by cyber, space, and hybrid and other asymmetric threats, and by the malicious use of emerging and disruptive technologies.  We face systemic competition from those, including the People’s Republic of China, who challenge our interests, security, and values and seek to undermine the rules-based international order.  Instability beyond our borders is also contributing to irregular migration and human trafficking.

Against this backdrop, we have taken the following decisions:

We have endorsed a new Strategic Concept.  It describes the security environment facing the Alliance, reaffirms our values, and spells out NATO’s key purpose and greatest responsibility of ensuring our collective defence based on a 360-degree approach.  It further sets out NATO’s three core tasks of deterrence and defence; crisis prevention and management; and cooperative security.  In the years to come, it will guide our work in the spirit of our transatlantic solidarity.

We will continue and further step up political and practical support to our close partner Ukraine as it continues to defend its sovereignty and territorial integrity against Russian aggression.  Jointly with Ukraine, we have decided on a strengthened package of support.  This will accelerate the delivery of non-lethal defence equipment, improve Ukraine’s cyber defences and resilience, and support modernising its defence sector in its transition to strengthen long-term interoperability.  In the longer term, we will assist Ukraine, and support efforts on its path of post-war reconstruction and reforms.

Allies have committed to deploy additional robust in-place combat-ready forces on our eastern flank, to be scaled up from the existing battlegroups to brigade-size units where and when required, underpinned by credible rapidly available reinforcements, prepositioned equipment, and enhanced command and control.

We will enhance our collective defence exercises to be prepared for high intensity and multi-domain operations and ensure reinforcement of any Ally on short notice.  All these steps will substantially strengthen NATO’s deterrence and forward defences.  This will help to prevent any aggression against NATO territory by denying any potential adversary success in meeting its objectives,” the statement reads.

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