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The number of criminal cases on evasion from military service after the beginning of the spring call-up of 2022 and coming to the courts by September 20, reached the maximum in ten years, but after the announcement of partial mobilization the number of cases stopped growing dramatically. This follows from the database of the State Automated System (SAS) "Justice", as well as data from the Moscow City Court database.

The spring call-up in Russia started on April 1 and ended on July 15 (except for regions of the Far North and equated to it, where it began on May 1). It was planned to call up 134,500 persons. Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation, Sergei Shoigu, noted that this was less than the spring call-up of the previous year, when 134,650 people were drafted, reports RBC.

Between May 1 (with a deferment of a month after the beginning of the draft campaign in the main part of Russia) and September 20 this year, 410 criminal cases for evasion from service in the Armed Forces (both military and civilian) were brought before the Russian courts.

This is more than during the same period of any other year since 2013. The closest to the 2022 figure was the previous year, 2021, when 385 cases were filed with the courts. In the other years, the number of cases was less than 350, and in 2020, 2016, and 2013 it was less than 300.

However, after September 20, criminal cases in the courts stopped coming in sharply. Thus, from September 21 to September 30, only three cases were registered, compared to 39 in 2021 during the same period, 35 in 2020, 31 in 2019, and 28 in 2018.

The sample included criminal cases filed with federal courts of general jurisdiction between May 1 and September 20 under Article 328 of the Criminal Code (evasion of military and alternative civilian service).

Part 1 of this article (evasion from military service) provides a punishment in the form of a fine of up to 200 thousand rubles, compulsory labor for up to two years, arrest for up to six months or imprisonment for up to two years. Under part 2 (evasion from civilian service) a fine of up to 80,000 rubles, compulsory work for up to 480 hours or arrest for up to six months.

The sample included only cases of the first instance, without taking into account appeals and cassations.

On September 21, Russian President Vladimir Putin announced a partial mobilization in Russia against the background of the military operation in Ukraine. Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu specified that it was planned to call up 300,000 people from those registered in the military reserve.

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